Seetha Katha

The Story of Harappa

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Abstract

Indus Valley Civilization which is also known as Harappan Civilization thrived between 10,000 BC and 2,000 BC along the Rivers Sindhu and Saraswati (now extinct). Harappan Civilization after progressing through agriculture, ceramics, metallurgy, navigation, etc. suddenly disappeared around 2,000 BC. What caused the disappearance of Harappan Civilization is not known, but maybe due to internal struggle of Urban Harappans and Rural Harappans. This is an attempt to put things known about Harappan period together as a model story.

1]. Eight thousand years before Christ or may be even before that. Some where in the north-west of India, near a river now known as Sindhu. People are yet to be divided into regions and nations. There were tribes, self organized endogamous people. Sindhu called for a meeting of the heads of the tribes. These tribes are hunters and gatherers. Life was harder as it was becoming more and more difficult to find the animals. The recent invention of making fire caused several accidents burning out large chunks of forest making it more difficult to find wild animals. Sindhu is the head of the league of tribes that are essentially a matrilineal society. Viranna and Surappan are waiting for Amri. Sindhu was there with her daughter Sarayu.

Amri the powerful lady, head of her tribe arrived with a dozen of chinkaras. A special feast will be offered to the villagers in the honor of the tribal heads who gathered there. That evening they discussed if the fire making techniques are to be banned as they were causing accidents. It was resolved that controlled use of fire has advantages and hence the technique be used judiciously.

Sindhu suggested that each tribe should contribute ten men so that teams of people are sent to far distant places to explore the world. The explorers should carry materials such as animal skins, dried forest fruits, medicinal plants etc so that they may be gifted to the people if found living elsewhere.

It was moon lit night. The fire was set. The meat was being roasted. The young girls sang and danced. The river was flowing, reflecting the moon rays. The moon was quiet amidst the clouds.

 
2]. Around 6000 BC. The explorers sent by Sindhu into various directions established contacts with various populations living as far as North Pole [via East Europe, Siberia]. Also contacts were developed with the Sun worshiping Magas and Moon worshiping Semitics.

The explorers brought cattle from Ongole and were producing milk and milk products. The natives learned making pottery. They started cultivating barley though by primitive methods.

The river where Sindhu used to live is named after her. She is being remembered, some times as Adi Shakti for it was her vision that brought development to the region. The village of Amri was named after her [which is close to today’s Balochisthan]. The place of Viranna is now known as Bhirana or Bhiranna [now in Haryana].  The Magas called the town Surappa as Harappa and Sindhu as Hindu. A western tributary of Sindhu is named as Sarayu, in memory of Sindhu’s daughter.

The magas called themselves as suryavamsha, the semitics as chandravamsha and those from the north pole and from Andronova as Indradeva or Indra or Deva. Some of these people started living around Sindhu River and mingled with the natives for mutual advantage.

 
3]. Around 2000 BC:

King Varun was happy to see his just born baby girl. The baby is radiating all the sheen she inherited from her mother queen Mayaputri. It was difficult as the baby had to be brought into this world through a cesarean operation. Varun ruled his kingdom from the capital city Dholaveera an island adjacent the Arabian Sea. King Varun is a scholar in metallurgy, ceramics, agriculture, astrology, astronomy, chariot building, aerodynamics, town-planning, navigation and defense studies including martial arts. Varun is a Siva devotee. The uncle of the King and the father of the queen Maya built a big sea port near Dholaveera now known as Mayapatnam. From there King Varun facilitates international trade with people and kingdoms of far away lands as far as Assyria and Egypt.

The King and the Queen are aware of the astrological predictions about the new born baby girl that said the baby girl would be the cause of the destruction of Dolaveera, the kingdom and the King himself. Mayaputri had unbound love for the King. But can she sacrifice the new baby girl her first child? The Queen was in tears. She can’t imagine the doom of the mighty king Varun but she has the heart of a mother too.

The ministers, generals, scholars, poets of the royal court are more worried about the kingdom and the welfare of the king but they are in no position to advise the King.

 
4]. Princess Saalu was sleepless since few days and refused to take any food. Her eyes were swollen and red and her hair unkempt. How can the prince ask for that? She is annoyed and she can of course understand the predicament of the prince. The prince can not go against the decision of the king. Where are these things going to lead? She asked herself. It was all fun till few days back. They all told that the she was lucky! Is this luck?

The prince was mustering courage to speak. He knew that he was wrong. The king was……….. Why this ambition for more lands a bigger empire? We have every thing he told to himself.  He told, “My beloved I know that you won’t like it. But I am duty bound to convey the order of the king and you know the consequences of refusal. You will be banished from the kingdom and how can I be without you?”

“My lord and my life I will die for you but I can’t take that ignominy”, replied the princess. If banished I will neither return to my parents. I will renounce and go to the forests. The prince could hear the firmness. The prince said, “My love even I hate that ritual. Now get ready we will go to the forests. My brothers will take care of the kingdom”. That night was beautiful and they walked into the darkness after the prince left a note for the king expressing his inability to perform Ashwamedha.

 
5]. The royal court called for an emergency meeting is awaiting the king Varun. The air was serious. The king arrived. After the exchange of pleasantries the king began his address.

He told the court that the forests are being destroyed and wild animals killed for carrying out rituals by the new rebellion Harappans. The rebels even killed some important members of the protection force deployed in the forests. A minister informed the court that forest dwelling tribes are also causing damage to forests and the wild life there.

King Varun replied that the tribes living in the forests had to depend on wild animals as source of food where as it is not the case with Harappans who domesticated plants and animals. He also reminded the court that Harappans after all are the people who branched out from the same forest dwelling tribes to evolve into a cosmopolitan society. He advocated for peaceful co existence with the forest dwelling tribes. King Varun told that Harappans have alternate food resources at their disposal where as the forest dwelling tribes do not have many alternatives.

King Varun recalled the first meeting of the league of tribes headed by Adi Shakti Sindhu who initiated the efforts to domesticate plants and animals to control indiscriminate damage to the forests and the wild animals. He said that the recently killed members of the protection force are his relatives and vowed to go to any extent to protect the Harappan civilization. He reminded that he had to abandon his daughter in far off lands in the interest of Harappan civilization. It was resolved to strengthen the protection forces.

 
6]. Prologue

The success of Harappan civilization in introducing agriculture, inventing ceramics and metallurgy has attracted large groups of migrants from Persia, East Europe, Egypt, Arabia and Central Asia. Harappans were using a mixed language instead of the original Dravidian language. By the period 2000 BC the civilization reached its peak after a period of 8000 years. The rush of migrants also resulted into scarcity from plenty. The advances they achieved were also being questioned by another section of Harappans. The leader ship of Harappa was still in the Hands of Asura Kings though they were losing regions to Sura group who were against artificial things such as agriculture based on water dams and irrigation, construction of large cities etc. Indra also known as Purandhara the destroyer of cities was the leading person among the Sura group.

 

The Story

Vritrasura was the Asura king ruling his kingdom from his capital city of Pushpagiri. Pushpagiri is located near Sarayu the tributary of the river Sindhu. He married Meenaja said to be the Manasa Putri [adopted child] of Lord Shiva and Parvati. Vritra was known for his fair dealings and just administration.

Indra was no match to the mighty Vritra. Indra was rescued by Brahma when Indra lost his fight with Vritra. However through a conspiracy hatched by Sura group Vritra was assassinated by Indra. Soon after the assassination the water dams constructed by Vritra for irrigation purposes were destroyed by Indra. Pushpagiri is now left with no Yodha that is the city had no defenders. The kingdom of Vritra was handed over to a regional chieftain the follower of Sura group with the aim of splitting the position of Priest King which Asuras hold, to separate positions of Priests and Kings. And the kings are required to strictly follow the priests.

Indra had to conduct Ashwamedha to escape the wrath of Brahmana Hatya a spiritual force that emanated to revenge the killing of a Brahmin that is Vritra.

 
7]. An Asura king was ruling his kingdom from the city Surya Nagari. He is married to a celestial nymph named Hema. The beauty of Hema is immaculate and is not comparable with anything else. And they were a happy couple. The couple was blessed with a baby girl. The girl inherited all the beauty of her mother and also the intellect of her father. Her father the king is an architect of par excellence. At the mature age of his daughter he got her married to the mighty king of Dhola Veera and the marriage ceremony was conducted at a place near the city Suryanagari.

After the marriage the Asura King and Hema blessed their daughter to be known as “fertile wombed ” as fertile as Mother Earth and that their daughter will be foremost among auspicious women in the history of Harappa. The place of the marriage was remembered there after as Mandor. A mandap was constructed for performing the marriage rituals. A step well was also dug and constructed for water. It is said that Sapta Matri headed by Singla Jee [Hinglaz Mata] attended the marriage along with Ganesha and Bhadra.

 
8]. Prince Megha was jubilant. I will teach them the lessons of their life time he said to him self. After all attacking Dhola Veera the island city of the King Varun is not a monkey play. He is confident of concluding the war in the first half of the day itself. For one who mowed down Indra, this war with the princes of Pushpagiri the ordinary mortals is just a game. Now Megha the prince is fully armored and ready with his chariot full of weapons both Sasthra and Asthra. After checking everything to his satisfaction Megha went to the castle of the King to take the blessings of the King and the Queen.

The castle was silent with no war cries. As Megha entered the chamber of the king he finds the king and queen drowned in gloom. Megha knelt before the king and the queen. The king blessed, “Victory shall be yours. But the prince of the virtuous island, promise me that ye shall not kill the prince of Pushpagiri”. Megha was astonished! Leaving an enemy un-killed in the battle field? Then, why this battle? The queen could read the mind of Megha.

The queen told, “Megha my dearest son, a question might have stood erect before you that demands answer as to why King Varun abducted princes Saloo because of which our island is under attack now?”  The queen was in tears. “To be precise, Megha, princes Saloo is your elder sister whom we had to abandon at far away lands of Nepal due to the astrological prediction that Saloo will be the cause of the destruction of our island, the king and the whole of Asura civilization”, the queen told. “Yes we kept our daughter in a wooden box and left it in a furrow where the king of Nepal was planning to perform a Yagya”. “The king Varun had in fact rescued the princes Saloo when her heartless father in law banished her into forests”, the queen told. The queen added, “Megha, we do not want our daughter to suffer further as a widow, particularly in that Sura society which forces a widow to commit Sati”.

Now it is more than clear to the prince Megha that he is waging a war that was already lost. The end of the last Asura kingdom is only a matter of time! The great Asura civilization is awaiting the end for the Asura technologists will never surrender to Sura chieftains, rather they will abandon the island city.

 
9]. Prince Megha of the island city is determined to answer the prince of Pushpagiri within the constraints imposed upon by his father. He divided his army into two halves and one half was dispatched to attack Pushpagiri. He himself led the second half and drove the enemy army towards Mayapatnam.

A fierce battle ensued that went on for several days. Both the prince Megha and the king Varun lost their lives. The rule of Siva worshiping Asura kingdom fell once and for all. The causalities were heavy on both the sides. At the end of the war Mayapatnam became a mound of the dead and the port city there after was called Lothal meaning the mound of the dead in Gujarati.

The Asura army fought for Pushpagiri which was also known as Ai Yodha (bereft of fighters that are defenders) after the defeat and death of Vritrasura which is now under the control of Sun worshiping regional chieftains supported by Sura clan. Both the armies lost almost all their men. That city got the name Mohenjodaro which also means the mound of the dead in Sindhi language.

The victorious prince of Pushpagiri returned only to see the mound of the dead called Mohenjodaro by his people. Disillusioned, the prince of Pushpagiri as directed by destiny walked alive into the river Sarayu.

The followers of Jain Dharma believe that Varun who was renamed by Lord Siva as Ravana will reincarnate as their next Tirthankar. Dave Brahmins of Jodhpur originally known as Surya Nagari and Kanya Kubjaa Brahmins of Madhya Pradesh even now worship Ravana. Viswa Brahmins of South believe that they belong to the clan of Ravana.

Mayaputri who was titled as Mandodari by her parents Mayasura and Hema after her marriage to the king Varun is remembered as one of the panchakanya who can destroy greatest of sins. Mandodari (Manda= earth in Telugu, Udari= Abdomened) means “earth like wombed” that is fertile wombed. A cut on the earth is furrow which is Seetha in Sanskrit and Saloo or Salu in Telugu. This suggests that Seetha is the cesarean daughter of Mandodari born out of a furrow on the abdomen of Mandodari. Seetha is also known as Ayonijaa meaning that one born not from vagina which corroborates the notion that Seetha is the cesarean daughter of Mandodari. It is worth recalling that according to Valmiki Ramayana when Hanuman first saw Mandodari in the chamber of Ravana at Lanka confuses for Seetha, for the description of Seetha given by Rama was so matching with that of Mandodari or in other words Valmiki was probably giving the hint.

The technocrats of Dholavira and Mayapatnam sailed to south by sea route to establish new settlements in another island now known as Sri Lanka. The followers of Bali the mightiest of Asura emperors after Ravana, travelled by land route and reached safe places and they even now celebrate Onam festival with the hope that their king and kingdom will return one day.

The breeders of Yallamanda cattle of which Nandi is famous at Kailasa giri returned to Ongole the place of origin of Ong tribes.

Some of the fire and Sun worshiping tribes of Harappa migrated to Persia who worshiped Ahura Mazda an Asura. Who is Asura Mazda if it is not Ravan? Horse riding Central Asians migrated back to establish Andronova culture who talk of a mythical bird Hurud that is Garuda.

Those who migrated to different places carried the story of Varun that is Ravan and retold it in their own way depending on which side they were. But only few of them knew “Seetha Katha”.

The Moon worshiping regional chieftains of Harappan regions moved towards eastern side and settled near the River Ganga with the active support of Sura clan after all their attempts to revive Harappan civilization failed.

This is the story of ancient cosmopolitan cities of India that were a part of the Harappan civilization which were abandoned due to the fall of Asura Kingdoms.

 

 

 

 

 

Seetha

 

Two other legends obtaining in certain versions of the Ramayana may be mentioned in connection with Sita. These legends are significant in that they do not endorse the mainstream view of Sita having been an avatara of the goddess Lakshmi.

Seetha (Sita) – Daughter of Ravanan, Tamil King Ravana was a great, prosperous and obedient Tamil King. His actual name was “Ravanan”. He had heard that the Dhasarathan family in the North had equal status to that of his family. He consequently decided to offer his daughter (Sita) in marriage to Raman’s Dhasaradhan family. Later, the offer was accepted and the marriage took place. Due to internal strife within the Dhasaradhan family, Sita suddenly found herself banished to the Forest along with Raman, her husband. Upon hearing of this unjust exile, Ravanan rushed to bring Sita back to his kingdom and free her from living in the Forest. Because of Tamil Customs, Sita refused to allow her husband to come back with her. As Sita was a beloved daughter, Ravanan took her to “Ashoka-Vanam” (the most beautiful place in Ravanaa’s Land) without ever listening to her tale of woe.

Later, Valmiki – a common thief who became inspired by Raman’s Character in the tale – decided to set this story down in the form of a book. Valmiki fleshed out and aggrandise the character of Raman, he also added “flavor” to the story to make the read more interesting for the common people, thinking that an embellished story would spread faster than some news about a person and/or kingdom. This book is known as “Ramaayanam”.
 
(This text is derived from Sinhalese History.)

 

Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seeta

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